But their short bloom time, typically in spring, is over before you know it, and you have to wait an entire year to see more flowers. Downtoearthdigs. The average low for these areas lies between minus 30 and 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Look for a winter-hardy variety of wisteria, such as Blue Moon of the wisteria floribunda species, which should withstand the winters and come back beautifully in the spring. Sign up for our newsletter. Sweetly scented clusters of blue blooms make beautiful bouquets. According to the USDA plant hardiness zone map, temperatures in these zones fall as low as -35 to -40 degrees F. Wisteria macrostachya is native to the United States, and it can grow in areas that range from Texas to Missouri. American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens; syn. There is also an American wisteria, Wisteria frutescens, from which the Kentucky wisteria is descended. The plants grow wild in swampy woods, river banks and upland thickets. Wisteria sinensis thrives in the warm zones of the United States, so much so that it is a nuisance, invasive plant and should not be planted in gardens. Water wisteria vines regularly so the ground around their roots remains moist, but don’t overwater so that the ground becomes soggy. The Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) is hardy in zone 4or 5 through 9. There are even a few cultivars from which to choose. Flowering period: Late spring through early summer. ‘Summer Cascade’ is the first wisteria proven hardy to zone 3. Has the latest bloom time, with flowers emerging in June. ‘Blue Moon’ is a cultivar from Minnesota and has small fragrant clusters of periwinkle blue flowers. If you live in a warm area and would like to grow a wisteria vine, plant Wisteria frutescens. It even reliably produces flowers in the colder region. Use pruning shears to cut the long shoots down until only 2 to 3 buds are left on each one, then snip off the whip-like water shoots. How to Plant Wisteria. Prune your wisteria vine in winter, removing excessive growth before trimming the remaining shoots to about 6 inches long or above the second or third bud. Kentucky wisteria is better behaved than its Asian relatives and is less aggressive. Find out all about the different types of wisteria with their unique characteristics here. … Wisteria macrostachya is known for its ability to survive winters in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 and 4. Growing wisteria in zone 3 used to be fairly impractical but now a new cultivar has introduced an extremely hardy form of the Asian vine. Chinese wisteria is an aggressive plant that can potentially take over an area of the garden. A chance hybrid found across the swampy areas of south central U.S. from Louisiana and Texas north to Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Oklahoma, Kentucky wisteria is suitable for zones 3 to 9. You may plant in the ground or in pots, but during the winter months, bring the pots in and cover the in-ground vines with mulch and plastic for extra protection. I have only seen these bloom in southern Wisconsin about 2 or 3 times in the past 30 years. The cultivar Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon’ (USDA zones 3 through 9) flowers two or three years after planting and can bloom as often as three times in one growing season, producing 12-inch racemes of lavender-blue flowers. Improve soil quality, drainage and pH by digging in 2 to 4 inches of peat moss or compost at planting time. Vigorous vines like Wisteria sinensis tolerate shady sites, but they may not flower. The United States Department of Agriculture zone 3 can drop to -30 or even -40 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 to -40 C.). There are several new cultivars introduced that are useful for growing wisteria in zone 3. Space plants 10 to 15 feet apart. Another type is Wisteria sinensis, which is a slightly more tender plant that’s hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. They are deciduous and recommended for USDA growing zones 4-9, making them very cold hardy, down to -20 degrees! Zone 3 wisteria plants were something of a pipe dream as cold, extended winters tended to kill these temperate climate darlings. Before installing vines, ensure good drainage in the soil and add plenty of organic matter to enrich the planting hole. The Lowest Temperature for the Tropical Plant Bougainvillea, Missouri Botanical Garden: Wisteria Brachybotrys 'Shiro-Kapitan', Missouri Botanical Garden: Wisteria Floribunda, Missouri Botanical Garden: Wisteria Sinensis, Missouri Botanical Garden: Wisteria Macrostachya 'Blue Moon', U.S. Forest Service: Plant Hardiness Zones, Missouri Botanical Garden: Wisteria Frutescens, Plants For a Future: Millettia Reticulata, Oregon State University Extension Series: Wisteria Care: Get Out Your Clippers Twice a Year and Go to Town. During this time, keep vines tied up and tidily trained. American wisteria is hardy to zone 5 while its sport, Kentucky wisteria, can thrive down to zone 3. This beauty will grow in many different situations from full sun to partial shade, fertile soil to dry, clay soil. Before planting a wisteria vine in your garden, check that the plant isn’t invasive in your state and that it can survive the lowest winter temperatures and highest summer temperatures in your hardiness zone. These zone 3 wisteria plants then produce soft, velvety pods that grow 4 to 5 inches long. To add to the attractive nature of the plant, the leaves are delicate, pinnate and deeply green on twining stems. Before and after pruning your wisteria, dip the blades of your pruning shears in rubbing alcohol to avoid transmitting pests and diseases between your plants. Dependably blooms up to three times in a growing season once established, producing beautiful, foot-long racemes of fragrant, pea-like, … Kentucky Wisteria Plants: Caring For Kentucky Wisteria In Gardens, Silky Wisteria Information: How To Grow A Silky Wisteria Vines, Growing Wisteria - Proper Wisteria Vine Care, Planting A Giving Garden: Food Bank Garden Ideas, Giving To Food Deserts – How To Donate To Food Deserts, December To-Do List – What To Do In December Gardens, Beaver Damage To Trees: How To Protect Trees From Beaver Damage, Lantana Leaf Yellowing – Treating Yellow Leaves On Lantana Plants, Japanese Snowbell Growing: Tips On Japanese Snowbell Tree Care, Zone 4 Invasive Plants – What Are Common Invasive Plants That Thrive In Zone 4, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables, Gratitude For The Garden – Being Grateful For Each Growing Season, 7 Reasons To Do Your Garden Shopping Locally, Thankful Beyond Words – What Represents Gratefulness In My Garden. As it gets colder, the vine will drop its bloom and leaves and it will look like a barren warren of branches. Other forms are ‘Aunt Dee,’ with elegant antique lilac flowers, and ‘Clara Mack,’ which has white blooms. Blue Chinese Wisteria Vine - 3 Gallon Pot Putting on one of the most impressive spring floral displays of any flowering vine, the Blue Chinese Wisteria Vine is desired for its abundant 6 to 12 inch long clusters of fragrant lavender-blue flowers. Wisteria vines are quite tolerant of a range of conditions but most varieties do not perform well in zones below USDA 4 to 5. The two most common wisteria plants in cultivation are Japanese and Chinese. Zones: 3-9. This vine is an American native that’s hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9, growing up to 40 feet tall, but it does not become invasive. Height: On average, wisterias will grow to be 10 to 30 feet. Answers to this queston: Add Answer. These hardy wisteria vines for zone 3 still need good cultural care to thrive and succeed. This deciduous vine is native to the swampy lowlands of the southern USA, and can be grown in hardiness zones 3-9 (most wisteria is only hardy down to zone 5). The winter temperatures in plant hardiness zone 10 range range between 35 to 40 degrees F. Wisterias thrive in well-drained soil in full-sun sites, where they produce their best flowering displays. Zone Range: 3 - 9: Zone Compatibility. It is commercially sold as ‘Summer Cascade.’. It is a less aggressive grower than some of the other wisterias, but is well noted for its excellent winter hardiness and ability to produce flowers in USDA Zones 3-4. It thrives all the way up through zone 4, putting wisteria in reach for a lot more gardeners. Kentucky Wisteria is not as invasive as other varieties. Avoid pruning again until late summer, right after the wisteria finishes flowering. It is not as aggressive as other wisteria vines, but still produces the … Plant it in well-drained soil, give it a bit of water, and watch it thrive. According to the USDA plant hardiness zone map, temperatures in … The Blue Moon Reblooming Wisteria plant from Spring Hill Nurseries produces beautiful lavender-blue, foot-long clusters. In summer, after flowering, prune the vine again in the same way. If you have poor or sandy soil then consider using a small amount of fertilizer like formula 5-10-10 or 5-10-5. Kentucky wisteria is another hardy flowering vine. Vines can grow 15 to 25 feet long and produce 6 to 12 inch racemes of scented pea-like flowers which appear in June. Once matured, look for your w… Consequently, one can not eliminate varieties merely by color alone. The previously mentioned ‘Summer Cascade’ bears soft lavender flowers in 10- to 12-inch racemes. Height: 15 to 25 feet. Dig a hole as deep as the root ball and 2 to 3 times as wide. Chinese wisteria grows best in United States Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 5 through 8, where the average low temperature ranges from minus 20 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit. Plant "Blue Moon" wisteria in slightly acidic soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. Most gardeners are unaware of the wide range of characteristics offered by Wisteria species and their cultivars in terms of bloom season, fragrance, length of flower clusters (racemes), flower colors, fall foliage. Answered on May 29, 2019. These species of wisteria for cold climates have been shown to be the most easily established in zone 3 and reliable even after a harsh winter. Honeysuckle is a perfect vine for zone 3. Green's work appears in SFGate, Mom.me, The Pink Plumber and many home services blogs . Is the most cold-hardy species. That is the primary extent of the maintenance, though, for Wisteria Vines grow easily in poor soil with full sun and minimal watering. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Blue Moon Wisteria, also called Kentucky wisteria, is a repeat-blooming vine. We include the different varieties grown around the world. Wisteria is a perennial vine with wonderfully fragrant flowers, often lavender, that grow in clusters, similar to grapes. A. The Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) is hardy in zones 5 through 8. The United States Department of Agriculture zone 3 can drop to -30 or even -40 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 to -40 C.). Not so with Blue Moon Wisteria (Wisteria macrostachya 'Blue Moon'). Cold climate zone 3 gardening can be one of the most challenging of the regional conditions. Cold climate zone 3 gardening can be one of the most challenging of the regional conditions. Wisteria macrostachya is known for its ability to survive winters in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 and 4. However, both Wisteria floribunda and Wisteria sinensis are invasive in some states. Plants for this area must be tough and hardy, and able to withstand extended freezing temperatures. After the first bloom, prune where needed to establish a habit and prevent straggling. Feed your wisteria about 3/4 cup per square yard each year during the spring. Repeat Blooming from a Spectacular Native Wisteria Most wisteria vines leave you wanting more '– more flowers, more color, and definitely more fragrance. Plants for this area must be tough and hardy, and able to withstand extended freezing temperatures. Highly scented, award-winning Wisteria brachybotrys 'Shiro-Kapitan' is a gorgeous climber with flowers of great beauty. This Variety's Zone Range 3 - 9. Older Wisteria Vines can be quite heavy, so it is important to have supports in place for the vines, such as a trellis or building supports. Choose a sunny location and keep young plants moist. Wisteria sinensis is a rapid growing deciduous climber hardy to zone 5. Zone 3 and Wisteria is no easy task! Genus: Wisteria: Species: macrostachya: Variety 'Blue Moon' Zone: 3 - 9: Bloom Start To End: Early Summer - Late Summer: Habit: Vining: Plant Height: 30 ft: Plant Width 1. The hardiest of wisteria! Growing wisteria in zone 3 used to be fairly impractical but now a new cultivar has introduced an extremely hardy form of the … Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! This species is native to North America. It grows to 15-25’ and features 6-12” long racemes of fragrant, pea-like, blue flowers that bloom in June. Zone 3 Zone 3 Wisteria Plants – Varieties Of Wisteria Vines For Zone 3. Feed your plant only once per year or every other year with a low-nitrogen fertilizer, and if the plant isn’t flowering three years after planting, don’t fertilize it. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Regular wisteria vines are not particularly hardy, and can be difficult to train because they are such rampant growers, but one, the Blue Moon Wisteria, is a gift to growers in cold areas. Zones 3-9 Wisteria is undoubtedly the ‘Queen of Vines’, and a well-grown plant in full-bloom is a sight not easily forgotten. Japanese is a bit hardier and thrives in zone 4, while Chinese wisteria is suitable down to zone 5. Genus: Wisteria Species: macrostachya Variety: 'Blue Moon' Zone: 3 - 9 Bloom Start To End: Early Summer - Late Summer Habit: Vining Plant Height: 30 ft Plant Width: 6 ft - 8 ft Bloom Size: 12 in Additional Characteristics: Flower, Fragrance, Repeat Bloomer Bloom Color: Blue Light Requirements: Full Sun Soil Tolerance: Normal, loamy Uses: Cut Flowers, Ornamental, Outdoor, Vines and Climbers Wisteria macrostachya. Deer resistant. 3. Evergreen wisteria grows about 16 feet tall and features small, fragrant summer flowers and leathery, glossy leaves. Summer Cascade creates this picturesque floral display up to three times per year. Includes photos. Wisteria Vines can grow out of control, so it is important to prune and monitor growth daily. Plant this Wisteria macrostachy Blue Moon in full sun on a sturdy structure, and the Kentucky wisteria will bloom up to an amazing three times each year. Wisteria looks lovely climbing up the side of a home, but plant with caution; wisteria vines are very powerful and will find their way into any crack or crevice! By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Read and follow the instructions on the label when applying the fertilizer. The problem is the flowers buds are not reliably winter hardy in the northern regions. The vine’s fragrant, lilac-purple flowers appear in 6-inch racemes in mid-spring just after the leaves begin to grow. It produces masses of hanging sprays, up to 6 in. Blue Moon Wisteria (Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon’) is a selected cultivar of Kentucky wisteria known for its cold-hardiness and stunning lavender-blue trailing flowers. They're accompanied by a delightful fragrance that permeates the garden on sunny afternoons. Exposure: Full sun (at least six hours per day). Japanese wisteria flourishes in hardiness zones 4 through 9. To prune wisteria, start in late winter when the branches are bare and easy to reach. Spectacular Blue Moon Wisteria Vine Plant 1-2' Tall Potted Plant Fragrant Flowers Attracts Hummingbirds 2-3 Year Old Plants, in dormancy 3.6 out of 5 stars 237 $26.75 $ 26 . Bloom time: Most wisteria vines begin blooming in spring and may carry on into summer. This vine grows 15 to 25 feet tall, and in early summer, its blue flowers appear in racemes 6 inches to 12 inches long. It may take up to 3 years for the plant to start flowering. The hardy Summer Cascade™ wisteria was bred from a hardy strain of Kentucky wisteria and first known as ‘Betty Matthews,’ after a White Bear Lake resident in whose yard it grew. Alternatively, grow Millettia reticulata. It produces copious trumpet-shaped flowers that develop into berries which feed birds and wildlife. The flowers are a bit smaller, but it reliably returns in spring even after harsh winters. A graduate of Leeds University, Jenny Green completed Master of Arts in English literature in 1998 and has been writing about gardening and homes since 2007. The first year is the most difficult and young plants will need regular irrigation, staking, trellising, pruning and feeding. Another species, Wisteria macrostachya, has also been proven to be reliable in USDA zone 3. Zones: 3-9. Growing to heights of up to 25 feet and 6-8 feet wide, be sure to provide this fast growing vine with something to climb on such as a trellis, fence or pergola. It is a good alternate to the Japanese and Chinese wisterias that have become invasive in some areas. Wisterias also rarely flower for the first two or three years after planting and require regular pruning to encourage their blooms. Arctic Kiwi is a hardy vine most gardeners have never heard of. Fertilizing: Your Wisteria will require little fertilizing. long (15 cm), of fragrant, pea-like, snow-white flowers with a conspicuous yellow spot. Wistaria frutescens) is a woody vine that produces beautiful hanging clusters of purple flowers. It is best known for its large pink and white variegated leaves and is hardy to zone 3. This is the time to cut wisteria back. Find the amount of nitrogen in fertilizer by looking at the three consecutive numbers on the product label; nitrogen is the first to appear in the series. Types of wisteria: When it comes to wisteria there are two types: Asian and American. A. Kentucky wisteria plants are the premier wisteria vines for zone 3. The Amethyst Falls Wisteria is a North American native, and it is amazingly easy to grow. Fast facts: A native found in the Midwest as well as Louisiana and Texas. Long, hanging clusters of flowers make wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) a never-to-be-forgotten sight in late spring. Has 6- to 12-inch flower clusters. Since it blooms a bit later than some other Wisteria varieties, it's a great choice for areas where late frosts threaten spring flower buds. Wisteria is an ideal kind of vine for any nostalgic gardener who loves to grow heavy, hanging flowers with gnarled branches. How Long Does It Take Before a Wisteria Plant Blooms for the First Time? 4. Also called evergreen wisteria, Millettia reticulata is a wisteria-like vine that’s hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10 but is not invasive. After establishment, rainfall will suffice for your Wisteria. Stressing the plant a little by reducing the available nutrients in the soil can trigger wisterias into flowering. Wisteria floribunda is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, but this twining vine is only one of several wisteria types that grow in the United States. The Blue Moon Wisteria (Wisteria Macrostachya 'Blue Moon') is a vine that produces large, drooping clusters of blue flowers. The tresses are around a foot long, and bloom in charming pastels. 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