i. Thirty thousand chariots is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. As for Saul, he. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, : Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the. We often think things will “fix” problems when they won’t at all. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the one thing he must not do: offer a sacrifice. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel: The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. Saul verspeelt de gunst van Samuel Saul was dertig jaar (13:1) dertig jaar – Volgens sommige handschriften van de Septuaginta. The only way the Israelites could ever win was to trust in God for everything. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 13 Saul was thirty [] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[] two years. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes. Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war, and to weaken and to disarm the Israelites. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him, : Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. (15-23). Login or Create an Account. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger: Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. i. Saul could have made supplication to the LORD in any number of ways. b. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him: Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. He gets things done. : Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. (19-23) The technological superiority of the Philistines. a. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude: The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 13 and more! Men see nothing but Saul's outward act, which seems small; but God saw that he did this with unbelief and distrust of his providence, with contempt of his authority and justice, and with rebellion against the light of his own conscience. Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. He gets things done. He didn’t say to Samuel, “Did I do something wrong?” He knew exactly what he did and probably thought of the excuses ahead of time. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. of Israel. 1 Samuel 13:1-7. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. : “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. The Hebrew text does not include the number "thirty" or "forty." First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. It just seemed like the right thing to do. 1 Samuel 13:6-14. MT: ‘een jaar’. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. . ii. SAUL'S DYNASTY FORFEITED BY HIS SIN. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. b. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. Chapter 13. A man after God’s heart loves other people. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. When Saul at length sounded an alarm, the people, dissatisfied with his management, or terrified by the power of the enemy, did not come to him, or speedily deserted him. : Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. 12 And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning. So they worshipped the LORD there: Worship is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. a) He had grieved over His rejection of Saul far too long. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. Commentary on 1 Samuel 13:8-14 (Read 1 Samuel 13:8-14) Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. c. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever: The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. Those that disobey the commandments of God, do foolishly for themselves. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare: By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. ; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger, : Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). i. iv. : With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew, schalosh for shelishim; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, three thousand.” (Poole). Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. 1 Samuel 13 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Then we’ll go out and whip the Philistines!” But it didn’t happen like that. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). The Bible speaks of the. : Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at. a. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places (Ephesians 6:12). Saul saw his already mismatched force shrink to one-fifth of its previous size (from 3,000 to 600). These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are, principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places, (Ephesians 6:12). b. So, we have to trust God and make a quick attack before they can get organized. But God will now give Israel a man. 1 SAMUEL 13. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to bless Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. i. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. The Philistine threat. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. 1 Samuel 13:1 "Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel," Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. All Rights Reserved. 1. Revolt of the Israelites under Saul from the Philistines 1. Sin is folly, and the greatest sinners are the greatest fools. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite a pim for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. : Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites, ii. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. He will still be on the throne as a king, but it will never be the same because the end of his kingdom is certain. : This added to Saul’s anxiety. (3-4) Jonathan initiates conflict with the Philistines. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is written by one of the most influential men of the modern Christianity movement. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. A man after God’s heart loves other people. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, CHAPTER 13. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him, commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”, : This is a stronger phrase than we might think. God is still looking for men and women after His own heart. This was a low point for Israel. c. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines: With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. : Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. ii. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the, : “I had to. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”. The troops were losing confidence in Saul as a leader and beginning to scatter. A man after God’s heart honors the LORD. (15-18) The Philistines begin their raids. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us an abomination. If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, a man after His own heart. saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. i. Those that desired a king like all the nations fancied that, when they had one, they should look very great and considerable; but in this chapter we find it proved much otherwise. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. : “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. a. (13-14) Samuel proclaims God’s judgment upon Saul’s household. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. ii. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Samuel had not come to offer the sacrifice in preparation for battle, and Saul dared not go into battle without it—yet the opportunity for attack was passing quickly and the army was beginning to desert. (10-12) Samuel arrives and Saul tries to explain what he did. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. a. 1. Saul arranged with the prophet Samuel to perform sacrifices in an appeal to God to intervene before Israel went into battle with the invading Philistines. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another pim to get their ax sharpened. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. : They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. If David had some of our sins then we can have his heart. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). © 2020 Christianity.com. (8-14) The policy of the Philistines. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. 3. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. It clearly says, “Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines.” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. i. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. In Geba: Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at Geba (also known as Gibeah). Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). What can it avail to sacrifice to God, against God?” (Trapp), Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. 1 Samuel 13:13. . I Samuel 13:1-15 recounts the story of an act of presumption by another well-known figure, containing another valuable lesson for us. You did not come within the days appointed: “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. ” And Samuel was angry, and he cried to the L ord all night. When men are lifted up in self-sufficiency, they are often led into folly. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. Now Saul really saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. It was bad enough to be outnumbered so badly. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Men destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the outward performances of religion. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. 1 Samuel 13:1. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. i. Their division into two books each, as we now have them, originates with the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, said to have been made in the third century B.C. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. 3. a. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel: This was the first “regular” army for Israel. I saw that the people were scattered from me. “My, there’s a man of action! : Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 13:1-7 Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. Therefore I felt compelled: “I had to. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. iii. “My, there’s a man of action! a. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines: Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:1-20 (Read 2 Samuel 13:1-20) From henceforward David was followed with one trouble after another. This chapter is the subject of an incredible number of contradictory opinions that it has evoked from the scholars, translators and commentators who have written about it. In great fear (the people were distressed) they hid anywhere they could (in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits) or they fled across the Jordan River (to the land of Gad and Gilead). Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. : Saul was in Gilgal for many months. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible . He will still be on the throne as a king, but it will never be the same because the end of his kingdom is certain. So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. 1 Samuel 13:3 - Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. Posted on Oct 26, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, 'Let the Hebrews hear.' Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Saul could have, in any number of ways. It just seemed like the right thing to do. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 16:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Samuel made his farewell address (chapter 12) after renewing Saul's kingship (11:14-15). “For decades archaeologists working at many different sites have unearthed iron artifacts in bewildering number and variety dating from the period of greatest Philistine power and leading to the general consensus that the metal was introduced into Canaan – at least for weapons, agricultural tools, and jewelry – by the Philistines.” (Youngblood). One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned to the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. They have more men, more chariots, more horses, and better swords and spears than we have. with Saul and Jonathan. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites an abomination. ii. But God will now give Israel a man after His own heart and raise that man up to be the next king. O vain man! And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. “And hereby God intended to teach them the vanity of all carnal confidence in men; and that they did not one jot less need the help and favour of God now than they did before, when they had no king.” (Poole). Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. i. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare … For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. : There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. on StudyLight.org If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. History shows how dangerous it is to combine religious and civic authority and God would not allow the kings of Israel to be priests and the priests to be kings. But Saul made an unlawful sacrifice, and Samuel told him, "You have done foolishly. Ch. But now your kingdom shall not continue. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. i. 2. Now, we see God allowed the Philistines to have a huge technological advantage over the Israelites. 1 Samuel 13 – Saul’s Disobedience A. You can check these in your browser security settings. c. There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan: There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. 1 Samuel Chapter 13 Summary. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. 1Sa 13:1, 2. The Bible speaks of the fool as someone morally and spiritually lacking. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Word Biblical Commentary on 1 Samuel; ... (chap. g. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart: God was looking for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. It would be easy to say that the kingdom was taken from Saul because he sinned and on one level, that was true; but it was more than that. f. A man after His own heart: What does this mean? It must be better to have trembling followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. “Though God threaten Saul with the loss of his kingdom for this sin, yet it is not improbable that there was a tacit condition implied, as is usual in such cases.” (Poole). They may even kind of like us. Because the actual judgment for this sin was so far off we should regard Samuel’s pronouncement of judgment as an invitation to repentance. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite, for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. He was still there many months later (1 Samuel 13:1). Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. He waited seven days: Saul was in Gilgal for many months. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. i. : Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. : By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. v. The whole manner of Saul’s explanation makes it clear this was no misunderstanding. 1 samuel 13 commentary 1. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. d. And he offered the burnt offering: This was plainly sinful. “If Saul was among the prophets before, will he now be among the priests? All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. c. Samuel said, “What have you done”: Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. How impolitic Saul was, who did not, in the beginning of his reign, set himself to redress this. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. Then Samuel arose: Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. 1 Samuel 13 Matthew Henry's Commentary. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. : Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. David knew God’s will was most important. In great fear (, in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. b. A king would solve our problems.” Now they have a king and the problems are still there. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another, There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”. And this declaration would have been abundantly verified, if the kingdom had been enjoyed by Saul, and by his son, and by his son’s son; after whom the kingdom might have come to Judah. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. 1 Samuel 13:1 Hebrew Saul was one year old when he became king, and he reigned two years over Israel; some Greek manuscripts give Saul's age when he began to reign as thirty years; 1 Samuel 13:14 Or leader; 1 Samuel 13:15 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks The rest of the people… from Gilgal; 1 Samuel 13:20 Septuagint; Hebrew plowshare; 1 Samuel 13:21 Hebrew was a pim Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. Footnotes. Saul was in an awkward position. David thought that God was the goal. We can discover this by looking at the man who was. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. Now Saul. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. We may imagine that in the early part of the week, Saul explained his thinking in a pep talk to the troops: “Men, we’re going into battle against the Philistines. iv. You did not come within the days appointed. “This is the first place in which this brave and excellent man appears; a man who bears one of the most amiable characters in the Bible.” (Clarke). ). Out of fear, out of panic, out of not knowing what else to do, Saul did something clearly sinful. He recruited three thousand men, two thousand stayed with him, the other thousand stayed under his first son’s supervision, Jonathan. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. We can love and pursue God with the kind of focus and passion David had. e. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people: Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. 2. We can discover this by looking at the man who was nota man after His own heart (Saul) and comparing him to the man who wasa man after His own heart (David). You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you: Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and, you did not come within the days appointed, and, the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”, As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. For David, the LORD God was king. d. But now your kingdom shall not continue: From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. Saul's Selected Band. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. You can also change some of your preferences. Chapter 13 of first Samuel begins with Saul’s first couple years as ruler of Israel. Many times, when God announces judgment, He will relent if His people repent. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. 1-samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1-samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. (5-7) The Philistines prepare their army. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of … About six hundred men: Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). : What does this mean? See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. . And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. 1. (1) Because of Saul’s disobedience the kingdom had been torn from him, and it was Samuel’s duty to inform Saul of this (15:22-23, 26, and 28). The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. But now your kingdom shall not continue. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! According to 1 Samuel 13:5 the Philistines already had a huge army, easily outmatching Saul’s 3,000 men. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. i. A thousand were with Jonathan: This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. b. He would have this act of disobedience pass for an instance of his prudence, and as a proof of his piety. iii. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. Miserable is a guilty, defenceless nation; much more those who are destitute of the whole armour of God. was king. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. i. b. i. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. They may even kind of like us. 1 Samuel 13:1. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. a. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. a. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”, Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines, .” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to the Bible for pastors and students the world over. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering: Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NIV) Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty- two years. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. c. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him: This added to Saul’s anxiety. Add to my study list. When charged with disobedience, he justified himself in what he had done, and gave no sign of repentance for it. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. c. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal: Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). oud toen hij … Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that, . God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. 1 Samuel 13-15 New International Version (NIV) Samuel Rebukes Saul. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. Samuel charges Saul with being an enemy to himself. He was still there many months later (1 Samuel 13:1). (1-7) Saul sacrifices, He is reproved by Samuel. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! 13). as someone morally and spiritually lacking. You have done foolishly: This is a stronger phrase than we might think. The issue was bigger than an incident of sin; the issue was being a man after God’s own heart. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. c. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines: Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the garrison of the Philistines. d. The people followed him trembling: They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. Saul reigned one year—(see Margin). : The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. Saul felt he was in a lot of trouble. Can there be any devotion in disobedience? , he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. : The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. David knew God’s will was most important. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 13. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. And it was told Samuel, “Saul came to p Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself and turned and passed on and went down to Gilgal.” 13 And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, q “Blessed be you to the L ord. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Blessed Saviour, may we never, like Saul, bring our poor offerings, or fancied peace-offerings, without looking to thy precious, thy all-sufficient sacrifice! 2 Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand were with him at Mikmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. : This was the first “regular” army for Israel. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. Our disposition to obey or disobey God, will often be proved by our behaviour in things which appear small. b. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! These have been supplied by the translators. . Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. It must be better to have. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. For Saul, Saul was king. Second. and raise that man up to be the next king. 1. Read 1 Samuel 13 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). : From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. d. And Saul said: Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. David also sinned yet God never took the kingdom from David and his descendants. i. : This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Adultery and murder were David's sins, the like sins among his children were the beginnings of his punishment: he was too indulgent to his children. Click on the different category headings to find out more. David thought that God was the goal. “To disobey God in the smallest matter is sin enough: there can be no sin little, because there is no little God to sin against.” (Trapp), ii. The Lord would have established thy kingdom for ever — The phrase, for ever, in Scripture, often signifies only a long time. Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, 'You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 1 Samuel 13 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. on StudyLight.org Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. i. 2. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NKJV) Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel. The chief advantages of the enemies of the church are derived from the misconduct of its professed friends. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. This was no small sin. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. The LORD'S rebuke of Samuel (v.1). If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul felt compelled, he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel.