The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). For this reason, it has been widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. The vine leaf maple features leaves with three parts, a structure known as trifoliate. Like sugar and black maple, red maple is shade tolerant and is found in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. However, for sugaring, red maple does have three important weaknesses. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. The sycamore maple is one of the more massive maples, featuring a dense rounded crown. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. The Loblolly Pine is a pine tree native to approximately 15 states in the southeastern U.S. An evergreen tree also known as the “southern yellow pine,” it is the second most common tree in the country, followed by the Red Maple, and is commonly found in lowland and swampy areas. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. This can be a somewhat difficult plant to find for sale, but it can make a good small tree or large shrub in the landscape. ginnala. Like all maples, the leaves, buds and twigs of all four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Landscape set up as primary tree focal point in a flower bed or as a stand alone tree … Many plants in a genus are similar in appearance, but there can be some surprises. All have leaves of similar shape: a single leaf blade with the characteristic maple shape, 3-5 lobes radiating out like fingers from the palm of a hand (palmately lobed) with notches (called sinuses) between the lobes. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. This does not include hundreds of maple species in all other countries and those that are yet to be discovered. Similar to red maple but bruised or scraped bark has a very fetid or foul odor. To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. Regionally, this tree carries many different common names: scarlet maple, soft maple, Drummond red maple, Carolina red maple, swamp maple, trident red maple, and water maple. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. These trees are highly valued by wood workers for their unusually patterned grain. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. Second, like red maple, it begins growth in the spring, earlier than sugar and black maple, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Maple Tree Identification The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). 3-5 inches wide; 5lobed (rarely 3-lobed); bright green upper surface and a paler green lower surface; leaf margin without fine teeth (compare with red and silver maple). Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. The species and common names for this maple come from the fact that the leaves are similar to those of the sycamore (Platanus). It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. The leaves are medium-green in color with three or five lobes; the foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. In the fall, this variety of maple tree's bright green lobed foliage changes to deep scarlet and orange. If it is smooth to the touch, gray or gray-brown in color and the tree is relatively young, it might be any one of a number of common maples, including red, Norway, sugar or silver maple. The Japanese maple is a staple in many Japanese gardens, as well as in the world of bonsai. The bark is like rough, separated plates with deep ridges in-between the pieces. Maple trees are identified by their 5-lobed leaves and winged fruit. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. Plant this red maple tree in … Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. Maple Tree Tar Spot. Blood red Japanese maple has very deep dark red leaves during the summer and are wonderfully bright red in the fall when the sun shines through the leaves. It does not respond well to compacted soils, road salts, or pollution. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. Five common species are shown here. Silver maple, for example, will go from smooth and silver to furrowed and gray and black as it grows older, as the photo shows. Secondly, red maple begins growth in the spring before sugar and black maples, resulting in a shorter collecting season. The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. This is another shallow-rooted tree that should be kept away from areas with pipes or paving. Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. Mature leaves have a whitish appearingunderside. It is also known as Scarlet Maple, Swamp Maple, Soft Maple, Carolina Red Maple, and Water Maple. Maple tree leaves: Amur maple tree leaves are 2” – 4” (5 – 10 cm) long with three or five lobes with toothed margins. It isn’t until one dies on your property and you need a tree … It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. What Tree Is That? Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. Le Do/Shutterstock. Because of the wide variety of sites on which red maple will grow, it is found growing naturally in pure stands and with an enormous variety of other tree species ranging from gray birch and paper birch, to yellow poplar and black cherry, and including sugar and black maple. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. Tree Identification Field Guide. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other resources for more precise plant identification . Leaves turn red or yellow in the fall. While it can make a good large shade tree in the right circumstances, this is not a tree that is very tolerant of urban conditions. Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. 130-150 years. 1. Silver maple trees can grow to be between 70 and 100 feet tall. Fruits mature in fall. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Tiger maple wood is also known as curly maple, flame maple and fiddleback maple… Sugar maple occurs naturally throughout most of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.6). The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. Maple Tree Types. Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. Fall color is stimulated by the slight stress that occurs when climate conditions become dry, and if you irrigate a maple too diligently, its fall color may be disappointing. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. 2 / 12. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. Winged seed approximately 1" long. Field maple is attractive to aphids and their predators, including many species of ladybird, hoverfly and bird. The oak tree leaf is broad, thin and flat and is called a broadleaf. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. Lots of species of moth, such as the mocha, feed on its leaves. Mountain maple is essentially a shrub. Maple Tree Identification There are over thirteen identified species of maple trees in North America alone. Leaves with a serrated edge or with tooth-like shapes around the margins are called toothed leaves. Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. As the name suggests, the leaves are quite large on this tree. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with a smooth light gray bark, developing into gray or black ridges and ultimately narrow scaly plates. Plantations of sugar maple have also been established with the intent of developing efficient, productive sugar bushes. Maple Tree Landscaping: Top choice is the Japanese maple tree. Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. punctatum. The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. General Description. Best of the Best: Maples With Great Fall Color, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 11 Species of Walnut Trees for North American Landscapes. Comments: In tree form, hard maple is usually referred to as sugar maple, and is the tree most often tapped for maple syrup. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Sugar maple’s leaves (pictured below ) are the shape that most people associate with maple leaves; they typically have either 5 or 7 lobes, with vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. A fourth maple species, silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is sometimes tapped, particularly in roadside operations, and is often confused with red maple. These four species share several characteristics in common. It does not have the palmate lobes that most maple leaves feature. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. Tiger maple is not a species of maple tree, but an abnormality in less than 5 percent of common maples that produces a wavy, striped pattern in the grain. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. The maple tree is the national arboreal emblem of Canada. Many varieties also develop thick exposed roots that make it hard to mow lawns; these types are better planted in a woodland setting or where the ground around them can be covered with mulch or a living ground cover other than grass. This is a much more serious disease that affects all kinds of maples, but Sugar Maple and Silver Maple are the ones most commonly affected. Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. The hedge maple is a great choice for the urban garden, as it does well in many difficult environments: drought; acidic, alkaline, or salty soils; shady locations; and climates where there is ozone deficiency. Identifying a tree as a sugar or black maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.2 & 3.3) is easily done from the leaves by observing 5-lobed leaves, the paired opposite attachment of the leaves along the stem and the lack of teeth along the leaf margin; from the bark of older trees by observing the long plates that remain attached on one side; from the twigs by observing the opposite arrangement of buds and the relatively long, pointed, brownish terminal bud; and from the seed by observing its horseshoe shape and size. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Low-maintenance Amur maples thrive in zones 2 – 8 in full sun and poor soil. Its rapid growth and ability to thrive on a wide variety of sites have resulted in its widespread planting as ornamental and street trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. Northeast United States & Southern Canada, Northeast United States & Southeast Canada, Southeast United States Coastal Plain & Piedmont. The interesting bark provides plenty of winter interest. Known either as Norway maple or European maple, this popular species was brought to North America from Europe in the 18th century. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. The deciduous species of the oak tree are seen in the colder latitudes, while those with evergreen leaves are seen toward the south. While the exact sap sugar content of a tree will vary depending on many factors including genetics, site and weather, sugar and black maples generally average between 2.0 and 2.5 percent sap sugar content. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). Depending on the species of tree, the toothed edges can be so fine that you have to look close to notice them. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. Crushed twigs do not emit a rank odor as does the silver maple. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. Maple trees have pointed lobes, whereas white oak tree leaves have a rounded lobe shape. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. Silver maple leaves grow to be five to seven inches wide, with five lobes. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. It is usually grown as a small upright tree but can also be grown as a shrub if left unpruned. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. Most maples are shallow-rooted trees that can push up sidewalks and other paving surfaces if planted too close. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Sugar sand or niter is the salt that precipitates during the evaporation process. This plant is sensitive to both heat and cold. Fall color also varies according to variety, ranging from greenish-yellow to red to burgundy. A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). Similar to sugar maple but usually 3-lobed (sometimes five); often appears to be drooping; often with a thicker leaf and lear stem (petiole) than sugar maple; usually with two winglike or leaflike growths at the base of the petiole (stipules). This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. The bark is smooth and light gray on young- and intermediate-aged stems, while mature bark is dark gray and rough. Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. As the tree ages, the bark starts to lift away from the tree and eventually the tree will take on a "shaggy" appearance. Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. See more ideas about tree, tree identification, tree bark. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. Older trees developing furrows and ultimately long, irregular, thick vertical plates that appear to peal from the trunk in a vertical direction. The leaves typically have more lobes than other maples, and a finer texture. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. This is most noticeable on the trunk—the oldest part of the tree. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. A rounder form rather than tall will strengthen your case for a Japanese maple tree. Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. A young silver maple will have gray bark with hints of red. margin. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. The flowers provide nectar and pollen sources for bees and birds, and small mammals eat the fruits. On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). If you take a look at a picture of the hornbeam maple, its leaves are nothing like what you would expect from a maple. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. In the summer, the leaves are pale green with a silver/white underside. Silver Maple Tree Identification. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. This maple is the first choice for those seeking to make maple syrup, as the sap contains a larger percentage of plant sugars than with any other maple species. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches, its 3-lobed leaf with fine teeth on the margin, and striping on the branches and young trunks. Rather than the palmate lobes found on the classic maple, this species has lobeless elongated leaves with pointed tips and corrugated texture. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. Silver maple is among the fastest growing hardwood species commonly planted in eastern North America, certainly the fastest growing maple. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. The foliage turns dramatic shades of orange or red in fall. In fact, this is where it gets the name “loblolly” from. There are actually twelve native maples found in North America, but only five are commonly seen across most of the continent. The leaf edges have fine teeth. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Japanese maple tree also have delicate toothed long lobes on leaves on horizontal branches. This species can be a small tree or large shrub. Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. Try the Arbor Day Foundation’s online tree identification tool. Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. Also known as field maple or common maple, the hedge maple is a small- to medium-sized tree that can serve as a shade tree in small landscapes or can be pruned to serve as a hedge plant in larger landscapes.Medium-green foliage gives way to yellow colors in fall. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. Black maple, on the other hand, occupies a much smaller natural range (Figure 3.7). Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. It has a winged fruit but the wings hang down at an angle whereas those on the field Maple … The red flowers becom… The oak tree has many hybrids which can make identification a tough job. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Although it develops best on moderately well-drained to well-drained, moist soils, it commonly grows in conditions ranging from dry ridges to swamps. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. This large tree is an excellent shade tree for large landscapes and parks. Twigs are reddish and have rounded, oblong, vegetative buds. Many parts of the red maple live up to the name. Maple Tree Leaf Identification. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Welcome to the University of Tennessee Arboretum Tree Identification Guide! The Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is a medium to large deciduous tree that flourishes in a variety of habitats in the Adirondack Mountains.Its common name reflects the fact that its flowers, fruits, leaf stalks, and autumn colors are red or reddish. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum) and mountain maple (Acer spicatum) are two other native maples that are found growing within the commercial maple range (Figures 3.10 and 3.11). Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. The red spring buds turn into red seed structure (samaras) hanging from reddish twigs. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. Other varieties usually feature yellow hues in fall. While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. Both species have been planted extensively as roadside trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Slender, shiny, usually reddish in color; terminal buds. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. 'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. Neither of these species is commonly tapped. The Norway Maple differs from the Field Maple and Sycamore in that its lobes and teeth have finely pointed tips. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage is more like what you would find on a hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. A Japanese maple can be a focal point in many different types of garden designs. Late March marks the beginning of the sugar maple season in the Northeast United States. The Amur maple tree grows to between 10 and 32 ft. (3 – 10 m) and has a dense, rounded crown. The bark of a maple tree begins as a grayish-brown and darkens into a dark brown as the tree ages. Its leaves are nothing like what you expect from a maple. This medium-sized shade tree has an attractive dense crown that is symmetrically round, but it is a shallow-rooted tree. Toothed leaves. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Here are the most common types of maples trees: The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. — Beta Version, getting better every day. In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. A maple tree with purple to reddish leaves during spring is a strong signal for a Japanese maple. While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. Just like the Sugar Maple tree, the Japanese maple loves well-drained soil. Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. TREE IDENTIFICATION GUIDE It’s easy to go through life with what our third-grade teacher taught us about trees. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. Both species can be found growing in pure stands, with each other, or with a wide variety of other hardwood species including American beech, American basswood, yellow birch, black cherry, northern red oak, yellow poplar and black walnut. The term "buddy sap" is often applied to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. Black maple is more likely to be found along moist river bottoms. In addition, when the sap of some red maples is processed, an excessive amount of sugar sand is produced. As with many widespread species, this tree carries several regional common names, such as soft maple, creek maple, river maple, white maple, and water maple. What we ‘half remember’ is enough for us to happily relegate trees to the background of everywhere we go and everything we do. This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and black maple (Acer nigrum), the two most preferred and most commonly tapped maple species. Striped maple is a small slender tree which rarely attains tapable size. Resistant to air pollution, trident maple is a good choice for street-side plantings. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. Sugar sand can cause several problems during the production process. For this guide, we have chosen some of the trees commonly found on the trails at the Arboretum. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. 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