Those that would have Christ with them at their marriage, must invite him by prayer, and he will come. John is interested primarily in what the sēmeia signify: God’s intervention in human history in a new way through Jesus. John tells his audience that the water was there for the Jewish rite of purification. Some scholars suggest that this shows that Jesus fought with the money changers twice, once at the beginning and once at the end of his ministry. In 1 John 2:12-17 John addresses his readers with words of reassurance.216 In 1 John 2:18-27 there are strong warnings concerning the secessionist opponents. ii. The claim of Jesus is remarkable, audacious, and evidence of His self-awareness of Deity. (John 2:6-10) The transformation of water into wine proved to be Jesus’ first “sign.” It indicated that his ministry would differ markedly from that of John the Baptist, who lived an austere life and never drank wine. What Does 3 John 1:2 Mean? It is the duty of the Church to provide convenient places for the public worship of God. Some interpretations suggest that Jesus is annoyed that she would ask him for a miracle, and he replies that it is not his "time" yet. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. We should all be holy for God is holy and it is the will of God that all His children are to be holy and perfect as He is. Jesus had just proved Himself to be very zealous for the house (or temple) of the Lord. Scripture: John 2:23–25. c. He drove them all out… poured out the changers’ money and overturned tables: Those doing business in the outer courts of the temple spoiled the only place where Gentiles could come and worship. ... 1 John 2:8(NASB) Verse Thoughts. The problem is that they demanded a sign from Jesus to prove it. It supplied an easy means of rejecting the moral conviction. Afterwards, the head waiter of the wedding tastes it and remarks to the groom that they have saved the best wine for last. John tells us of no fewer than three Passovers--this present one, the one in John 6:4 and the one in John 11:55. Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said. The first word is TEKNON, and the second one is PAIDION. 2:3 And when the wine failed, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers doing business. What Does 1 John 2:5 Mean? 4 I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. We can note two things in this interpretation of 3 John 2. At the trial of Jesus, one of the charges brought against Him was that He said He would destroy the temple (Matthew 26:60-61, Mark 14:57-59). [8] The Orthodox Jewish Bible highlights a connection with the narrative of the fall in Genesis 3:15: [God] "will put enmity between you (Adam) and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring". And He said to those who sold doves, “Take these things away! Jesus Changes Water Into Wine. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? What Does John 2:4 Mean? I. Jesus’ mother was there, and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. The hosts run out of wine and Jesus' mother asks him to help. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. 3. The description of being consumed by zeal for God’s house is applied to Jesus in John 2. John 2:2. This area (the court of the Gentiles) was made into a house of merchandise. This is a common usage of the word "world" (see John 17:9,21 – Christ prayed for believers, not for the world; however, some who are in the world will believe through the Church’s testimony). Meaning (2) is almost certainly to be understood here as better fitting the context (although some of the Greek Fathers took the remark as a rebuke to Mary; I feel such a rebuke is unlikely). Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible Destroy this temple - The evangelist informs us John 2:21 that by “temple,” here, he meant his body. This miracle only occurs in John's Gospel, not in any of the synoptics. Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did. John 3. ZEAL FOR THE STRUCTURE OF THE HOUSE. c. I will raise it up: Jesus confidently claimed the power to raise Himself from the dead, and He repeated the claim in John 10:18. This makes Jesus suitable to become the judge of mankind on the judgment day (Romans 2:16; Ecclesiastes 3:17). What Does 1 John 2:8 Mean? He carefully took the time to make a whip of cords, and thought carefully about what He would do. John 2 – Conversion and Cleansing A. Do not make My Father’s house a house of merchandise!” Then His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.”. One is joyful and quiet. 2 My little children, I am writing you these things so that you may not commit a sin. Destroy this temple - The evangelist informs us John 2:21 that by “temple,” here, he meant his body. In both cases, the presence of these merchants in the temple courts spoiled the only place Gentiles could pray. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Dec 21, 2008. After the authority and power of Jesus had been demonstrated, He and His disciples went throughout Galilee preaching and casting out demons (Mark 1:38–39). What gracious words to the church are these wise instructions from the ageing apostle John. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. The exact moment was still in the future. This is always how Jesus works in His people: conversion first, then cleansing. [17] Whether the disciples remembered this during the incident or afterward is not clear: theologian Hermann Olshausen suggested that the recollection took place afterwards, but Meyer disagreed: this saying was remembered "at the very time of the occurrence", in contrast to their recollection about Jesus' foretelling of his resurrection (John 2:22), which happened afterwards. According to John, this was his first sign or miracle (in Cana). This chapter is divided into 25 verses. The first word has the idea of a very young child, while the second one is about a baby. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. John 2:17. “If belief is nothing more than admiration for the spectacular, it will create in multitudes applause; but the Son of God cannot commit Himself to that kind of faith.” (Morgan), ii. Messianic wedding festivals are mentioned in Isaiah 62:4-5. 3 John 2; What is the Meaning? For people named John 2, see, This journey would be 86 miles (138 km) on modern roads using. Our Price: $13.99. Remember that cleansing was part of the Passover celebration. Lutheran pietist Johann Bengel suggests that this was the third day after the promise given to Nathaniel at the end of chapter 1, but also that the sign given in Cana was "a specimen of its fulfilment",[1] whereas the 19th century theologian Heinrich Ewald suggested the third day would be reckoned from Jesus' arrival in Cana.[6]. The Second Epistle of John, often referred to as Second John and often written 2 John or II John, is a book of the New Testament attributed to John the Evangelist, traditionally thought to be the author of the other two epistles of John, and the Gospel of John (though this is disputed). I write to you, children, because you know the Father. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Do not love the world or anything in the world. And this is love, that we walk according to His commandments. 1. Rather, it means "all humanity" in contrast to "saved humanity." This is how we know we are in Him: 1 John 2:5(HCSB) Verse Thoughts. The people believe he is talking about the Temple building, but John states that Jesus "was speaking of the temple of His body". This is over the nature of the Temple. 3 John 1:2, ESV: "Beloved, I pray that all may go well with you and that you may be in good health, as it goes well with your soul." In addition, according to John's story, Jesus was in Jerusalem for an unnamed feast in John 5:1; for the Feast of Tabernacles in John 7:2; John 7:10; and for the Feast of the Dedication in John … (John 2:11 RSV) Three factors call for our attention in that verse: First, John says that the miracle was a sign, i.e., it was an acted parable. There are two things that are true about an immature Christian. [1] John 2 opens on the "third day". The story of Jesus overturning the tables of the money changers in the Temple is related next. a. I am a foreigner to my own family, a stranger to my own mother’s children; —Comp. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Second, the Holy spirit uses two different words for “little children” in the 1 John 2:12-14 passage. Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:[a], The events recorded in chapter one of John's Gospel take place in Bethabara (or Bethany), "beyond the Jordan", but in John 1:43 it is reported that "Jesus wanted to go to Galilee". For example, in the New International Version 2 John is the shortest book with only 302 words but in the King James Version (Authorized Version) 3 John is the shortest with only 295 words. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. It is not improbable that he pointed with his finger to his body as he spoke. But “Tyrian coinage was not only permitted, but expressly prescribed (Mishnah, Bekh. Solomon's Temple was destroyed in 587 BC when Nebuchadnezzar's army destroyed Jerusalem. If anyone loves the world, … The zeal of Thine house hath eaten Me up. The apostle certainly mentions these different modes of the appearance of sin; but that the organism of the Epistle rests on this, is an assertion that goes too far. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. 1 John 2:2-12, where the subject is the first, to 1 John 2:15-17, where it is the second, and to 1 John 2:19 ff., where it is the third. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. John 2:1-11 Commentary . ... Henry Morris - Fathers must mean those who, like John himself, were Christians from the beginning, (1Jn 2:13,14) dating from the time of Jesus' earthly ministry, and thus, presumably, older Christians both physiologically and spiritually. John uses the Greek word semeion meaning sign, or ergon meaning work, instead of the term the synoptics use, dynamis or act of power, for miracle.[9]. The Scripture they believed was primarily Psalm 16:10, the promise that God’s Holy One would not remain in the grave. Whilst Jesus stayed in Jerusalem for the Passover feast, he performed various unrecorded signs,[20] and many "believed in His name". d. His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture: It was only after the death and resurrection of Jesus that His disciples understood and believed both the Scriptures and the specific promises of Jesus. Nevertheless, Jesus' mother still tells the servants to do whatever he asks, so he tells them to fill up the empty wine containers with water. And as His children we are to reflect this holy love of God in our lives. (12-22) Many believe in Christ. "Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers" (3 John 2). or "You and I see things differently" [7] whereas in the Weymouth New Testament, Jesus' words are "Leave the matter in my hands". The Lord has placed His Word in a superior position above His holy name. John 2:4. Verse Thoughts. Scripture: John 2:1–11. He was not dependent on man’s approval.” (Morris), iii. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. When He had made a whip of cords: When Jesus drove those doing business out of the temple courts, He did not do it in a flash of anger. Many believed in His name when they saw the signs: Jesus knew that this was thin, superficial belief. i. Anyone who drove the merchants out from the temple courts claimed the authority to do it. John 2:4(KJV) Verse Thoughts. iii. Sander also brings out the same trichotomy of sinful corruption, appealing for it to chap. a. A highly debated issue is the wine symbolism. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. Each of these subsections in turn has a structure built on patterns of three. “The very fact of the market being held there would produce an unseemly mixture of sacred and profane transactions, even setting aside the abuses which would be certain to be mingled with the traffic.” (Alford). i. They believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said: “The placing of Jesus’ saying alongside Scripture is interesting and its Christological implications should not be overlooked.” (Morris). The temple mount would be particularly crowded, and Jesus saw many doing business in the outer courts of the temple. He Knew What Was in Man. Second, the Holy spirit uses two different words for “little children” in the 1 John 2:12-14 passage. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain . 1 John 2:12 I am writing to you, little children, because your sins have been forgiven you for His name's sake. KJV, Value Thinline Bible, Large Print, Red Letter Edition, Comfort Print: Holy Bible, King James Version. Now if we put it all together, here is the sense of the passage. It is not improbable that he pointed with his finger to his body as he spoke. 8 And He said to them, “Draw some out now, and take it to the master of the feast.” The Passover of the Jews was at hand: Jerusalem would be crowded with thousands of visitors coming at Passover. Destroy This Temple, and in Three Days I Will Raise It Up. 1 John 2:10 The Greek word for brother and sister (adelphos) refers here to a believer, whether man or woman, as part of God’s family; also in 3:10; 4:20, 21. I am writing to you, young people, because you have overcome the evil one. The “zeal of thine house” means extraordinary concern for the temple of God; intense solicitude that the worship there should be pure, and such as God would approve. John Piper Dec 14, 2008 122 Shares Sermon. In the early days of the church, there were teachers who travelled from place to place. I… John 2 – Conversion and Cleansing A. ii. i. If Jesus actually did propitiate (removed wrath by means of His sacrifice) everybody’s sins on planet earth, past, present and future, why would anyone ever be punished for their sins? Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. No mere man could make the claim to raise himself from the dead, even if one had confidence that God would raise him. A light or superficial faith may be better than none at all, but no one should think that it is enough – and Jesus knows. The word “destroy,” used here in the “imperative,” has rather the force of the “future.” Its meaning may thus be expressed: “You are now profaners of the temple of God. (Greek: τι εμοι και σοι). It receives this symbolic meaning from two sources that John has used: Ex 2:10, which tells where Moses received his name (he was “drawn from the water”), and the Synoptic material as found in Mt 3:11; Mk 1:8; and Lk 3:16, where John the Baptist proclaims that he came baptizing with water. In 1 John 2:12-17 John addresses his readers with words of reassurance.216 In 1 John 2:18-27 there are strong warnings concerning the secessionist opponents. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. The story can be understood as John's fulfillments of prophecies in the Old Testament, such as in Amos 9:13-14 and Genesis 49:10-11 about the abundance of wine that there will be in the time of the messiah (Brown 340). This is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it. The second is Jesus' driving the money-lenders out of the temple complex. There cannot here be any reference to His death; rather it means His hour for ‘manifesting forth His glory’ (John 2:11) as the Messiah by working miracles. We cannot be sure whether the ‘lady’ was a person or the church. Knowing this, Jesus did not commit Himself to them. The second chapter of John begins at a wedding celebration in Cana attended by the mother of Jesus (she is not named in John's Gospel), Jesus himself and his disciples. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Jesus saith unto her, woman Calling her "woman", as it was no ways contrary to her being a virgin, ( Galatians 4:4) , so it was no mark of disrespect; it being an usual way of speaking with the Jews, when they showed the greatest respect to the person spoken to; and was used by our Lord when he addressed his mother with the greatest tenderness, and strongest affection, ( John 19:26) . This story of replacement of Jewish ceremonial washings presents the initial revelation about Jesus at the outset of his ministry. When Jesus said, “Destroy this temple,” He knew that they would in fact do their best to destroy it. i. John began with a miracle of conversion (changing water into wine). Finally, 1 John 2:2 tells us that Jesus is the propitiation for our sins as well as that of the whole world. Jesus Christ will judge everyone according to their words and deeds on the Day of Judgment (Romans 2:6; Job 34:11). for the meaning of “the Jews” John 1:19; and for their question, Matthew 21:23. Jesus replies "What [is that] to me and to you?" It seems that the issue was not what was on the coin, but what was in the coin, and only coinage that had a reputation for being of good weight and content was allowed. i. The irony is that the religious leaders themselves would be the means by which the prophecy was fulfilled. 3 John 1:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 3 John 1:2, NIV: "Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well." In the early part of his Gospel, John designates this as the first sign. (2 Jn 6) 2 John’s role in the Bible. ii. Jesus was Mary’s firstborn son. ... 3 John 1:2(NASB) Picture courtesy of Good News Productions International and College Press Publishing. 1 John 2:9 The Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a believer, whether man or woman, as part of God’s family; also in verse 11; and in 3:15, 17; 4:20; 5:16. And both Jesus was called Or invited, as being a relation, according to the flesh: and his disciples, to the marriage; who were bidden, on his account; and they seem to be these, Andrew, and the other disciple, that followed Jesus, and Simon Peter, and Philip, and Nathanael, who was of this place; and accordingly they all went to it. Jesus' mother, not named in the gospel, appears again in John 19:25-27 at Jesus' crucifixion. Jesus replies "What [is that] to me and to you?" You can also change some of your preferences. The miracle at Cana. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Theme verse in 2 John. (23-25)1-11 It is very desirable when there is a marriage, to have Christ own and bless it. Curiously, some commentators are confident that Jesus used the whip of cords only upon the animals, and others are confident that He used it upon both men and animals. He knew what was in man: “Nothing less than divine knowledge is here set forth…as the text now stands, it asserts an entire knowledge of all that is in all men.” (Alford), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. In addition their dishonesty made their presence all the worse. Answer: The declaration “zeal for your house consumes me” is originally found in the Psalms: “For I endure scorn for your sake, and shame covers my face. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Over-building is a lamentable waste of strength; but under-building is a sin. 1. The chapter ends with a brief section which the New King James Version sub-titles "The Discerner of Hearts" (John 2:23–25). The body of Jesus is still a temple. ... 1 John 2:1(NASB) Verse Thoughts. 2 And the third day ... John 1. The Holman Christian Standard Biblepresents two interpretations, either "“Wh… Commentary on John 2:1-11 (Read John 2:1-11) It is very desirable when there is a marriage, to have Christ own and bless it. The house (verse 10) would be the place where the church met. Verse Thoughts. One is that it construes the statement “even as” in a cause and effect way: spiritual prosperity will produce financial prosperity. Jesus and his disciples go to Jerusalem for the "Passover of the Jews",[15] the first of three visits to Jerusalem recounted in this gospel, the others being John 7, where he goes for the Feast of Tabernacles, and the final Passover during which he is crucified. 2:1 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: 2:2 and Jesus also was bidden, and his disciples, to the marriage. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. According to the hypothesis of the Signs Gospel, this miracle was originally in that document. Cana (Kafr Kanna) is about 24 miles (39 km) from Capernaum using modern roads. Scripture: John 2:12–22. The Old Testament background lies in the Exodus story (cf. 8:7), and this bore heathen symbols.” (Morris). You can check these in your browser security settings. He knew what was in man: Knowing what was and is in humanity, Jesus still loves. In addition to this one, John is commonly credited with writing two other New Testament letters, a Gospel, and possibly the prophetic book of Revelation. The incident in the synoptics occurs in Mark 11:12-19, Matthew 21:12-17, and Luke 19:45-48. He probably even gestured to Himself as He said this. The first word is TEKNON, and the second one is PAIDION. a. What Does 1 John 2:1 Mean? Jesus was doing in His Father’s house, it may be, what was then being done in every house in Jerusalem". John 2:6. ὑδρίαι) water-pots, rather more broad in shape, than high: for they were lying [ κείμεναι]; and they were capacious, long, broad, and deep, out of which draughts might be drawn, John 2:8.— κατὰ) for [Engl. It wasn’t based on anything other than an admiration of the spectacular. The second chapter of John covers two events. John Owen a famous Puritan theologian responds to the objection raised by Dr. Lightner when he writes that the issues in 1John 2:2 lies in the extent of propitiation and world in 1 John 2:2. 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.�4 “Woman, [] why do you involve me?” Jesus replied“My hour has not yet come.” Metaphysical Bible Interpretation of John Chapter 2 Metaphysically Interpreting John 2:1-12. The original text was written in Koine Greek. iii. EXEGESIS: JOHN 2 & 15. Luke 4 and Matthew 4 report Jesus going to Nazareth and then Capernaum after his baptism and temptation. One questions whether this reference is a deliberate allusion. The wedding at Cana is a story found only in John. (Luke 2:7), Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. According to John 2:24, the people believed in Jesus after they saw him performing signs and miracles. He is referring, of course, to the third day after Jesus had left Judea. [19], This introduces the antagonism between Jesus and "the Jews", as John calls them, a sign perhaps of a non-Jewish audience. The references cited in the Passionary for this woodcut: The Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 8, Of the Church, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_2&oldid=986338109, Pages with numeric Bible version references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 06:35. Vers., after the manner of].— τῶν ἰουδαίων, of the Jews) who used 3 Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. That would mean the church where John was. Sēmeion is one of the characteristic words used in John (2:11, 18; 4:54; 6:2, 14, 26, 30; 7:31; 9:16; 10:41; 11:47; 12:18, 37; 20:30). Mark later records that they return to Capernaum, after going throughout the neighboring lands. On the third day there was a … (John 2:1-5 RSV) It is rather significant that John mentions the "third day." Four "days" have been mentioned in John 1, τῇ επαυριον (tē epaurion, "the next day") occurring in verses 29, 35 and 43. This wasn’t necessarily a bad question. On the third day there was a wedding in … We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. There are two things that are true about an immature Christian. ii. [10] One can also perhaps see this in the synoptics in for instance Mark 2:21-22 where Jesus speaks about "new wineskins". But if anybody does sin, we have an advocate with the Father--Jesus Christ, the Righteous One. Jan 11, 2009. God wants us to hear His word; to know His word; to trust His word and to keep His word. 3 John 2; What is the Meaning? Now if we put it all together, here is the sense of the passage. It was the Father's love that Christ came to display, for God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. This is because they did not have a separate church building. (1-2) Jesus, His mother, and His disciples at a wedding. Then he showed Jesus performing a work of cleansing (the cleansing of the temple). It occurs immediately after Jesus has told Nathanael in chapter 1:50 that "You shall see greater things than that." So the Jews answered and said to Him, “What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?” Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” Then the Jews said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?” But He was speaking of the temple of His body. ou[pw h{kei hJ w{ra mou In the immediate context the meaning is clearly “It is not yet time for me to act.” But John uses w{ra with greater significance: see the following Note. [18] The disciples remembered this after his resurrection: and they "believed the Scripture and the word", faith and memory "lend[ing] mutual help to one another in this passage". The first word has the idea of a very young child, while the second one is about a baby. (It was a two-day walk to Galilee, and they would have arrived on the morning of the third day.) Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. i. Those that would have Christ with them at their marriage, must invite him by prayer, and he will come. When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers’ money and overturned the tables. 6 Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, # Matt. A common theme of the gospel of John is contrast, and the two stories in this chapter are very different. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. The word “destroy,” used here in the “imperative,” has rather the force of the “future.” b. 2 John 1:6 Context. The Temple is already destroyed by the time of the writing of John, and John is trying to show right from the start that the old Temple has been replaced by the new Temple, Jesus' resurrected body and the new Christian and Johannine community. i. But what the letter teaches is good for us all. mine hour is not yet come. The Jews wanted to know if Jesus really had this authority. Background. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. The Mosaic legislation contained a warning against the efficiency of the test by signs (Deuteronomy 13:1-3), but it was of the essence of Pharisaism to cling to it (Matthew 12:38; 1Corinthians 1:22). [12], Jesus is asked for "a sign" to prove that he has authority to expel the money changers. Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up: Jesus spoke here of the temple of His body. Destroy this temple: Jesus wasn’t against the temple, but He certainly looked beyond it. The zeal of thine house - “Zeal” is intense ardor in reference to any object. The term "world" here in 1 John 2:2 does not mean "all humanity" as in John 3:16. Anyone that loves the world, meaning the things that are in the world has a severe problem because we are told to “not love the world or the things in the world. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. This shows to most scholars the split between John's community and Judaism in general. Mark 1 has him going to Galilee from the wilderness (where he had been tempted by Satan) [13] and visiting several places in Galilee before reaching Capernaum (Mark 1:25, 31, 34). Save: $5.99 (30%) Buy Now. The second chapter of John begins at a wedding celebration in Cana attended by the mother of Jesus (she is not named in John's Gospel), Jesus himself and his disciples. Perhaps John included this statement to show Jesus possesses a knowledge of people's hearts and minds, an attribute of God. i. 2 He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world. “Being familiar it became legitimate, and no one though of any incongruity in it until this young Nazarene felt a flash of zeal for the sanctity of His Father’s house consuming Him.” (Maclaren), v. The Passover of the Jews: “Our Evangelist repeatedly refers to festivals as festivals ‘of the Jews’ – not because he himself was not a Jew by birth and upbringing (he was), but because many of his readers would be Gentiles, unacquainted with the details of the Jewish sacred year.” (Bruce). 15:2; (Mark 7:3; Luke 11:39); John 3:25 according to the manner of purification of the Jews, containing twenty or thirty gallons apiece. Its meaning is, that he was affected with great zeal or concern for the pure worship of God. Jesus knew that these religious leaders would attempt to destroy His body, but He also knew that they would not succeed. And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; … What Does 3 John 1:2 Mean? In the early part of his Gospel, John designates this as the first sign. 2 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Bible Gateway Recommends. [16], John says that Jesus' disciples remembered the words of Psalm 69:9, "zeal for your house will consume me", perhaps a bit of wordplay interposing the ideas of "'demanding all my attention' and 'leading to my destruction'". John 2:2. There appears to be an inclusio (a bracketing of stories) between the wine imagery of the Cana story at the very beginning of Jesus’ ministry, where he is revealed as the good wine, and the wine imagery of the “I am the true vine” discourse at the very end of his ministry, where he identifies himself as the true vine (15:1). b. Signs are not merely miracles; they are miracles that have a meaning. Commentary for John 2 . The resurrection of Jesus was a work of each Person of the Trinity, each working together. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. John Piper Dec 21, 2008 129 Shares Sermon. Sēmeion is one of the characteristic words used in John (2:11, 18; 4:54; 6:2, 14, 26, 30; 7:31; 9:16; 10:41; 11:47; 12:18, 37; 20:30). 12 I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven for his sake. “It is what Luther calls ‘milk faith’ and may grow into something more trustworthy.” (Dods). Ephesians 2:19-22 and 1 Peter 2:5 both connect the idea of the church – metaphorically called the body of Christ – with a temple built upon and built by Jesus Christ. (Greek: τι εμοι και σοι). Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Jesus Changes Water Into Wine. Click on the different category headings to find out more. 14 I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. He replies "Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days". Retail: $19.98. Perhaps John has relocated the story to the beginning to show that Jesus' arrest was for the raising of Lazarus in John 11, not the incident in the Temple.[10]. “John is not correcting a supposed chronological blunder on the part of the earlier evangelists, nor deliberately altering their history in the interests of theological exposition, but, we may reasonably suppose, relating an additional ‘cleansing’.” (Tasker), iv. Some interpretations suggest that Jesus is annoyed that she would ask him for a miracle, and he replies that it is not his "time" yet. The next temple was built when the Jews returned from exile under Zerubbabel in about 515 BC. Second John and Third John are the two shortest books in the Bible. When He died on the cross, the mockers reminded Jesus of what seemed to be an impossible promise (Matthew 27:40, Mark 15:29). Dt 11:3; 29:2). ii. He told the Samaritan woman that there was a day coming when people would no longer worship at a temple in Samaria or Jerusalem, but they would worship God in Spirit and in truth. What sign do You show to us, since You do these things? “Jesus’ technique of using a paradoxical statement to bewilder his enemies, which he subsequently explained for his disciples, frequently appears in John’s Gospel.” (Tenney). It was the Father's love that Christ came to display, for God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. We may request cookies to be set on your device. GOOD WINE & TRUE VINE. b. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. John 2 is the second chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. 13 I am writing to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. [21] This theme is continued into chapter 3, where the Pharisee Nicodemus acknowledges that "no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him" (John 3:2). John 2:12 then says that Jesus went with his mother and brothers and disciples to Capernaum for "not many days", but does not relate what went on there. “Their request for a ‘sign’ was misguided: what sign could have been more eloquent than that which they had just witnessed?” (Bruce). The first is the miracle of turning water into wine. It sounds as if Gaius, to whom John addressed this little letter, was a dearly beloved disciple of the Lord Jesus. What does John 2:10 mean? The "miracle" or sign of turning water into wine is suggested to be the first example of the "greater things" as described in John earlier. This begins a series of stories about Jesus' role as the new way that last until his second miracle or sign, the healing of the official's son in John 4. It contains the famous stories of the miracle of Jesus turning water into wine and Jesus expelling the money changers from the Temple. Or the meaning may be, "In addition to the general precepts which I have referred to, I do now call your attention to the new commandment of the Saviour, that which he himself called new." It sounds as if Gaius, to whom John addressed this little letter, was a dearly beloved disciple of the Lord Jesus. ... 3 John 1:2(NASB) Picture courtesy of Good News Productions International and College Press Publishing. While in this world we sometimes find ourselves in straits, even when we think ourselves in fulness. At the very start of His ministry the Lord Jesus was an invited guest at a wedding feast, and was accompanied by both His disciples and His mother. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. “When many came to believe on Him He did not commit Himself to them. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. I t is indeed lamentable that this typical farewell message from the apostle John to Gaius the Elder has been picked up and distorted by so many during the last few years. The other is scolding and public. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. The hosts run out of wine and Jesus' mother asks him to help. 7 Jesus said to them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. i. [1], John then says that during the Passover Feast Jesus performed miraculous signs, but does not list them, that caused people to believe in him, but that he would "not entrust himself to them, for he knew all men". 1 My dear children, I write this to you so that you will not sin. d. Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up: The disciples remembered this line from Psalm 69:9 and connected it to the zeal Jesus had for the purity of God’s house and worship practiced there. He explodes: "It is worth remembering that on the eve of the Passover the head of every family carefully collected all the leaven in the house, and there was a general cleansing. Each of these subsections in turn has a structure built on patterns of three. But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew all men, and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man. This article is about the chapter of John's Gospel. iv. [11] Heinrich Meyer pictures Jesus travelling back to Nazareth before moving on to Capernaum, because his brothers are not mentioned as being present at the wedding in Cana but they are with him and his mother in Capernaum.[12]. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. But whoever keeps His word, truly in him the love of God is perfected. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. “The evil in question was one which was likely to recur after a check. What does John chapter 2 mean? [2] The second/third century theologian Origen suggested this was the third day from the last-named day in John 1:44 [3] and the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary argues that it would take Jesus three days to travel from Bethabara in Perea to Cana in Galilee,[4][5]. Nevertheless, the sense is much more a display of Jesus’ authority than violence. And both Jesus was called Or invited, as being a relation, according to the flesh: and his disciples, to the marriage; who were bidden, on his account; and they seem to be these, Andrew, and the other disciple, that followed Jesus, and Simon Peter, and Philip, and Nathanael, who was of this place; and accordingly they all went to it. "Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers" (3 John 2). 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.�4 “Woman, [] why do you involve me?” Jesus replied“My hour has not yet come.” Jesus’ action, though salutary, is not likely to have put a permanent end to the practice.” (Morris). Matthew, Mark, and Luke each describe another cleansing of the temple performed by Jesus, towards the end of His earthly ministry. iii. The first temple was built by Solomon on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem about 950 BC to replace the tabernacle that had been Israel's portable place of worship, first in the wilderness at Sinai and for the next several hundred years at Shiloh. Chapter two opens with Jesus, his mother and his disciples present in Galilee, in the village of Cana. The other is that this interpretation implies that the wish that the writer of the epistle expresses has the force of a promise from God. Water into wine at a wedding. It is interesting to note that the New Testament also claims that God the Father raised Jesus from the dead (Romans 6:4 and Galatians 1:1), and that that Holy Spirit raised Him from the dead (Romans 1:4 and 8:11). (1-11) Christ casts the buyers and sellers out of the temple. The Holman Christian Standard Bible presents two interpretations, either "“What has this concern of yours to do with Me?" John 2:1-11 . Question: "What does it mean that ‘zeal for your house will consume me’ in John 2:17?" The synoptic gospels make no mention of Jesus attending the wedding before going to Capernaum, nor that his mother or brothers went there with him. (1-2) Jesus, His mother, and His disciples at a wedding. * [2:1–11] The first sign. Water into wine at a wedding. iv. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Many commentators say the reason why foreign coins were not allowed in temple contributions was because they bore the image of the emperor or pagan gods. He enters the Temple courts and sees people selling livestock and exchanging money. Some of the Dead Sea scrolls also speak of the community as the temple. The shortest book in the English language is different depending on which translation (version) you look at. On Not Loving the World. This is why the moneychangers did so much business. [10], John mentions the incident with the money changers as occurring at the start of Jesus' ministry, while the synoptic gospels have it occurring shortly before his crucifixion. And as His children we are to reflect this holy love of God in our lives. The connection with 1 John 2:15-17 is:There are coming those seducers who arc of the world ( 1 John 4:5), and would tempt you to go out from us ( 1 John 2:19) and deny Christ ( 1 John 2:22). The First of John 2:1-29. Swedish-based commentator René Kieffer suggested that the evangelist "probably includes what [had] happened in Cana" among these signs. 1. Removing every speck of anything leavened (made with yeast) from the home was a symbol, a picture, of cleansing from sin. I t is indeed lamentable that this typical farewell message from the apostle John to Gaius the Elder has been picked up and distorted by so many during the last few years. John 2 - NIV: On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. He knew and knows the worst; yet also sees the image of God, even upon fallen men and women. Or the meaning may be, "In addition to the general precepts which I have referred to, I do now call your attention to the new commandment of the Saviour, that which he himself called new." 2 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. The moneychangers doing business: “Astonishing as it may sound, it is likely that as many as two and a quarter million Jews sometimes assembled in the Holy City to keep the Passover.” (Barclay) According to Barclay, they all had to pay the temple tax, which was the equivalent of about two days wages for a working man – but had to be paid in the special temple coin. as ye have heard --from the apostles, preachers of the Gospel (for example, 2 Thessalonians 2:3-10 ; and in the region of Ephesus, Acts 20:29 Acts 20:30 ). 1 John 2:12-14. i. Jesus did not commit Himself to them: “Other leaders and teachers may be misled at times into giving their followers more credit for loyalty and understanding than they actually possess; not so Jesus, who could read the inmost thoughts of men and women like an open book.” (Bruce), ii. Spoiled the only place Gentiles could pray this shows to most scholars the split between John 's Gospel, again... Chapter are very different 2:18-27 there are strong warnings concerning the secessionist opponents opens on the third a! You show to us, since you do not opt in for other cookies to a. Chapter are very different second John and third John are the two stories in this world sometimes. John and third John are the two stories in this world we sometimes find ourselves in straits, even one. Show Jesus possesses a knowledge of people 's hearts and minds, an attribute of God sold oxen sheep! Irony is that the evangelist informs us John 2:21 that by “,... 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